字符串哈希函数

2019年11月07日 编程语言 ⁄ 共 2985字 ⁄ 字号 评论关闭

 Hash函数 数据1 数据2 数据3 数据4 数据1得分 数据2得分 数据3得分 数据4得分 平均分 BKDRHash 2 0 4774 481 96.55 100 90.95 82.05 92.64 APHash 2 3 4754 493 96.55 88.46 100 51.28 86.28 DJBHash 2 2 4975 474 96.55 92.31 0 100 83.43 JSHash 1 4 4761 506 100 84.62 96.83 17.95 81.94 RSHash 1 0 4861 505 100 100 51.58 20.51 75.96 SDBMHash 3 2 4849 504 93.1 92.31 57.01 23.08 72.41 PJWHash 30 26 4878 513 0 0 43.89 0 21.95 ELFHash 30 26 4878 513 0 0 43.89 0 21.95

```unsigned int SDBMHash(char *str)
{
unsigned int hash = 0;

while (*str)
{
// equivalent to: hash = 65599*hash + (*str++);
hash = (*str++) + (hash << 6) + (hash << 16) - hash;
}

return (hash & 0x7FFFFFFF);
}

// RS Hash Function
unsigned int RSHash(char *str)
{
unsigned int b = 378551;
unsigned int a = 63689;
unsigned int hash = 0;

while (*str)
{
hash = hash * a + (*str++);
a *= b;
}

return (hash & 0x7FFFFFFF);
}

// JS Hash Function
unsigned int JSHash(char *str)
{
unsigned int hash = 1315423911;

while (*str)
{
hash ^= ((hash << 5) + (*str++) + (hash >> 2));
}

return (hash & 0x7FFFFFFF);
}

// P. J. Weinberger Hash Function
unsigned int PJWHash(char *str)
{
unsigned int BitsInUnignedInt = (unsigned int)(sizeof(unsigned int) * 8);
unsigned int ThreeQuarters    = (unsigned int)((BitsInUnignedInt  * 3) / 4);
unsigned int OneEighth        = (unsigned int)(BitsInUnignedInt / 8);
unsigned int HighBits         = (unsigned int)(0xFFFFFFFF) << (BitsInUnignedInt - OneEighth);
unsigned int hash             = 0;
unsigned int test             = 0;

while (*str)
{
hash = (hash << OneEighth) + (*str++);
if ((test = hash & HighBits) != 0)
{
hash = ((hash ^ (test >> ThreeQuarters)) & (~HighBits));
}
}

return (hash & 0x7FFFFFFF);
}

// ELF Hash Function
unsigned int ELFHash(char *str)
{
unsigned int hash = 0;
unsigned int x    = 0;

while (*str)
{
hash = (hash << 4) + (*str++);
if ((x = hash & 0xF0000000L) != 0)
{
hash ^= (x >> 24);
hash &= ~x;
}
}

return (hash & 0x7FFFFFFF);
}

// BKDR Hash Function
unsigned int BKDRHash(char *str)
{
unsigned int seed = 131; // 31 131 1313 13131 131313 etc..
unsigned int hash = 0;

while (*str)
{
hash = hash * seed + (*str++);
}

return (hash & 0x7FFFFFFF);
}

// DJB Hash Function
unsigned int DJBHash(char *str)
{
unsigned int hash = 5381;

while (*str)
{
hash += (hash << 5) + (*str++);
}

return (hash & 0x7FFFFFFF);
}

// AP Hash Function
unsigned int APHash(char *str)
{
unsigned int hash = 0;
int i;

for (i=0; *str; i++)
{
if ((i & 1) == 0)
{
hash ^= ((hash << 7) ^ (*str++) ^ (hash >> 3));
}
else
{
hash ^= (~((hash << 11) ^ (*str++) ^ (hash >> 5)));
}
}

return (hash & 0x7FFFFFFF);
}```

编程珠玑中的一个hash函数

```//用跟元素个数最接近的质数作为散列表的大小
#define NHASH 29989
#define MULT 31

unsigned in hash(char *p)
{
unsigned int h = 0;
for (; *p; p++)
h = MULT *h + *p;
return h % NHASH;
}```